Leaf-Tailed Gecko (Uroplatus spp.)
Difficulty: Intermediate – Hard
Published: September 9, 2017
Last Updated: July 14, 2021
Leaf-tailed geckos are a crepuscular arboreal genus of geckos native to Madagascar, a large island located off the southeast coast of Africa. They are best known for their masterful camouflage, blending in flawlessly with their native surroundings.
This genus is comprised of 18 recognized species, categorized into 4 groups. (Those marked with an asterisk are most common in the pet trade.)
- Fimbriatus (large bark/moss mimics)
- aff. henkeli
- aff. sikorae
- Alluaudi (small bark mimics)
- Ebenaui (dead leaf mimics)
- Lineatus (bamboo mimics)
Uroplatus vary in length from 4”-13” (10-33 cm) long, depending on the species, although males tend to be larger than females in most cases. They typically live 5-15 years in captivity, depending on husbandry and origin; wild-caught individuals consistently have shorter lifespans than their captive-bred counterparts.
These geckos are crepuscular insectivores, which means that their diet is almost entirely composed of insects. “Crepuscular” means that they are most active at dawn and dusk, although they are more active at night than during the day.
Leaf-tailed geckos are the most protected of all gekkonids, protected under CITES Appendix II, which means that although they are not formally categorized as “endangered,” they may become so without trade restrictions. Among other species, they are primarily threatened by widespread deforestation on the island.
For this reason, some argue that it is the responsibility of hobbyists to breed Uroplatus to assist conservation efforts. That is a good point, and a project I might undertake someday. But breeding is never a project to be attempted idly, regardless of conservation status, and so this guide will not address the breeding of these species.
- Like most geckos, leaf-tailed geckos do not have eyelids. Instead, they use their tongues to keep their eyes clean and moistened.
- Also like most geckos, leaf-tailed geckos are adept at walking up vertical surfaces, thanks to millions of microscopic “hairs” on their toe pads called setae. Where setae fail, Uroplatus also have small claws to help them get around, permitting them to even cling to branches upside down to get the perfect angle on a prospective bug dinner.
- Uroplatus have some of the most perfect camouflage of all reptile species. Whether adapted to mimic lichen, moss, bark, bamboo, or leaves, Uroplatus possess a variety of genius adaptations which make them invisible to the untrained eye.
- Uroplatus have incredible night vision. They can see about 350x better than humans in total darkness, and can see colors even at night!
Leaf-Tailed Gecko Care — Table of Contents:
- Shopping List
- Species Within the Genus Uroplatus
- Terrarium Size Requirements
- Substrate Options
- Temperatures & UVB
- Humidity Requirements
- How to Decorate a Leaf-Tailed Gecko Terrarium
- What to Feed Your Leaf-Tailed Gecko
- Handling Tips & Body Language Info
- Common Diseases & Other Health Questions
- Additional Resources
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