Ball Python (Python regius)
Difficulty: Beginner – Intermediate
Published: July 22, 2017 Last Updated: September 30, 2020
Ball pythons (also known as royal pythons) are a terrestrial species of constricting snake native to regions of western and central Africa. In the wild, they are most often found in semi-arid grasslands, forests, and near agricultural areas. Although frequently found in burrows, they can arguably be considered semi-arboreal, as scientific accounts have documented them hunting frequently in trees.
These snakes are crepuscular, which means that they are most active at night, but especially active around dawn and dusk. As ambush hunters, they actively track down and then wait for prey such as rodents, birds, and lizards to scurry past before striking, using powerful constricting muscles to squeeze the prey until it passes out (which is humane and occurs within seconds, according to this study).
Ball pythons are sexually dimorphic, which means there is a notable difference in size between males and females. They start as tiny, 10” (25.4 cm) hatchlings, but males typically grow 2’-3’ (0.6-0.9 m) long, while females grow to be 3’-5’ (0.9-1.5 m) long. Larger individuals have been recorded.
Ball pythons reach sexual maturity in 3-5 years and have a 15-30 year lifespan in captivity.
They are known for their incredible genetic diversity; part of their current popularity is due to a fad for producing “morphs”: variations in color and pattern. Many experienced hobbyists take on ball python breeding as a study in snake genetics. Because of this trend, the market is currently saturated with snakes who didn’t make the cut for the next generation, and so breeding should be attempted with extreme caution.
They are very popular in the pet trade and are often sold as beginner pets due to their docile temperaments and manageable size. Their hardiness also makes them a good fit for new reptile keepers, although they are more difficult to keep than other common beginner species like corn snakes and western hognose snakes.
- Unlike many other reptile species, ball pythons are highly adaptable, and have been significantly less affected by human encroachment on their natural habitat than others. Although they generally prefer a forested habitat, they have adapted very well to farmland by taking over existing animal burrows.
- Although generally considered “terrestrial,” ball pythons are actually both terrestrial and semi-arboreal. Females generally tend to prefer the ground while males (and some juveniles) tend to prefer hunting in trees, although climbing has been recorded as a regular behavior in both sexes.
Ball Python Care Guide – Table of Contents:
- Supplies You Will Need
- Terrarium Size & Lighting Guidelines
- Temperatures & Humidity
- Substrate Options
- How to Decorate the Terrarium
- Feeding Your Ball Python
- Handling Tips
- Health & Diseases
- Additional Resources
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